The transshipment of loading units takes place in terminals and is a central component within combined transport chains. Transshipment systems are used to switch consignments from one mode of transport to another (road, rail, waterway).
This is done by bundling and distributing the loading units for the further transport route in CT. The most important transshipment systems are divided into horizontal and vertical functions (type of movement or transshipment). They determine how the different loading units are handled. Which transshipment system is used depends on the infrastructure of the terminals:
- Location (regional characteristics)
- Market segment (maritime or continental CT)
- Characteristics of the loading units (container, swap body, craneable or non-craneable semi-trailers)1,2
1 vgl. Posset et al. (2014), Intermodaler Verkehr Europa
2 vgl. Hölser et al. (2016), Grundwissen Spedition und Logistik